Transportation Logistics is the science of movement and storage of materials and supplies in a way that maximizes the efficiency of the production process. It includes the physical aspects of movement such as movement of people, resources, and goods. Transportation Logistics planning seeks to ensure that all transportation modes are available to accomplish a company’s goals. Transportation Logistics planning requires analysis of market conditions, population growth, fuel costs, and fuel availability. Transportation Logistics planning involves a number of activities that include freight rates, vehicle mileage, fuel surcharges, vehicle emissions, customs-related charges, and insurance costs.
Transportation Logistics also involves the provision of service to the customer with the assistance of a knowledgeable staff and the proper shipment of materials and supplies. Transportation Logistics planning determines the transport of finished goods within a manufacturing or assembly process. This determines the shipment and delivery of the finished goods and other services to customers.
The development of transportation logistics depends on the objectives of the company. An organization that produces a particular product may be concerned about the environment, consumer safety, productivity, and waste management. Other concerns associated with transportation logistics are the cost effectiveness of the transportation system, the availability of fuels, the availability of rail transport, the security of the transportation system, the availability of ports of call, and the proximity of the shipping point to the manufacturing or assembly plant. Transportation Logistics is also affected by the location of the distribution points, including the interposition of land and water lines, the mode of transportation, for example, shipping by railroad and trucks versus shipping by air or sea.
Transportation Logistics can be affected by political events, such as oil price spikes or emergencies in supply chain areas. Supply chain areas affect transportation logistics by affecting the order time of raw materials and finished products, affecting the price of these products, and creating delays in the delivery of finished goods. Political events can also affect the transportation logistics system.
Transportation Logistics is affected by the types of goods being moved. The types of goods include manufactured goods, raw materials, finished products, inventories, and stock. Transportation logistics can be used to determine the best routes for the movement of each type of product, which affects the whole supply chain process. Transportation Logistics can be used to secure the shipment of a specific good or to locate a particular good that is in transit. It is also used to track the shipment of finished products, goods that are out of stock, goods that need special handling, and emergency situations.
Transportation Logistics can be defined as the science of transportation, controlling the movement of a product or a resource throughout the supply chain. Transportation Logistics planning includes a large variety of issues, such as costs and routes, as well as transportation and warehousing.